Millions of devotees come in Simhastha Kumbh after every twelve years. Kumbh also held after every six years at two places named Allahabad and Nasik, it is known as Ardhaa Kumbh. And Kumbh Mela which held after every 12 years has known as “Mahakumbh”. It is considered as a prevalent get-together of peoples of Indian religions as well other religions. Also many foreign visitors came here to see the beauty of this fair. People came here for bathing in the Holy River Kshipra with a faith that all the things will go well again in their lives, in the pious month of chaitra and Vaishakh.
One of the most famous Fair in the world is Simhastha or Kumbah Fair, Generally known as Kumbh Mela. It is held after a interval of 12 years in India at four different places. The places where Simhastha Kumbh mela is held are Ujjain, Nasik, Haridwar and Allahabad. The duration of this fair is about 1 to 1.5 month. Kumbh is an important for the Indians.
The first written evidence of the Kumbha Mela can be found in the accounts of Chinese monk Xuanzang (alternately Hsuan Tsang) who visited India in 629-645 CE, during the reign of King Harshavardhana. However, similar observances date back many centuries, where the river festivals first started getting organized. According to medieval Hindu theology, its origin is found in one of the most popular medieval puranas, the Bhagavata Purana. The Samudra manthan episode (Churning of the ocean of milk), is mentioned in the Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu Purana, the Mahabharata, and the Ramayana.
The account goes that the Devas had lost their strength by the curse of Durvasa Muni, and to regain it, they approached Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva. They directed all the demigods to Lord Vishnu (full story on kumbh mela) and after praying to Lord Vishnu, he instructed them to churn the milk ocean, Ksheera Sagara (primordial ocean of milk) to receive amrita (the nectar of immortality). This required them to make a temporary agreement with their arch enemies, the Asuras, to work together with a promise of sharing the wealth equally thereafter. For the task of churning the milk ocean, the Mandara Mountain was used as the churning rod, and Vasuki, the king of serpents, became the rope for churning. They churned the ocean for 1000 years, where demons were holding Vasuki’s head and Gods were holding its tail. Finally after this entire churning process, Dhanwantari appeared with Kumbh in his palms.
However , when the Kumbha containing the amrita appeared, a fight ensued. To prevent the amrita (elixir of immortality) from demons, its safety was entrusted to Gods Brahaspati, Surya, Shani and Chandra. After learning the conspiracy of the Devtas, demons turned vicious and attacked them. Devtas knew that demons possessed more power and can easily defeat them. The Devtas ran away with the Kumbh to hide it away and they were chased by Asuras. For twelve days and twelve nights (equivalent to twelve human years) the Devas and Asuras fought in the sky for the pot of amrita. It is believed that during the battle, the drops of amrita fell down from Kumbh at four places: Allahabad (Prayag), Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik. Because 12 days of Gods are equivalent to 12 years for humans; the Kumbh Mela is celebrated once every 12 years in each of the four places – banks of river Godavari in Nasik, river shipra in Ujjain, river Ganges in Haridwar, and at the Sangam of Ganges, Yamuna, and Saraswati in Allahabad, where the drops are believed to have fallen.
Reasons behind Kumbh Parv
There are many believes behind the beginning of the Kumbh Parv. First reason which is believed as the beginning of Simhastha is when there was Samudra manthan held in the Heaven. As the Amrit Kalash come out as a result of brainstorming the sea, it turns turned out to be a reason of fight between gods and demons and during this fight some droplets of it fall on the earth at four different places Ujjain, Nasik, Allahabad and Haridwar and from there the Simhastha mela began.
There are also some other reasons which are believed to be the cause of beginning of Kumbh Mela is the position of planets in the solar system. The place of the Mahakumbh or Kumbh Mela is also decided according to positions of the planets on a particular place by the astrology. It is decided such that when the particular planets will be in a particular zodiac then the Kumbh fair will be held to a particular place suitable according to these planets’ position.
Reasons to visit Kumbh Parv
As it is a prevalent get-together of the people many saints of different believes and communities came here in order to impress the Lord Shiva by their bhakti-sadhna. The Sadhus or saints came here are mainly Kalpvasis, Urdhwavahurs, Nagas, Shirshasinse, Parivajakas. Everyone has a different style or way of worshiping the Lord Shiva; first one spent their time in meditating, second one’s has shrunken their cadaver from stiff divine practices, third ones are the naked ones who do spread bhasam on their bodies and have tangled and knotted long hairs., fourth ones are those who do worship Lord Shiva by doing shirshasana; in shirshashan their head remain on the ground and the whole body is in the air as a vertical pole, and the fifth ones are those who has taken a oath of stillness or silence to worship the Lord. The next Simhastha is going to be in Ujjain in 2016.So be a part of such a religious and grand fair.
Main Bathing Dates for Ujjain Kumbh Mela
22 April 2016 (Friday) Purnima – Full Moon (First Snan)
06 May 2016 (Friday) Vaishakh Krishna Amavasya
09 May 2016 (Monday) Shukla/Akshey Tritya (Second Snan)
11 May 2016 (Wednesday) Shukla Panchami
17 May 2016 (Saturday) Ekadashi & Pradosh Snan
21 May 2016 (Saturday) Purnima
Other Attraction, Ujjain
Mahakaleshwar temple is the most famous temple of Lord Shiva in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. Mahakaleshawar temple is famous for Mahakaleshawar Jyotirling, it is one of the most famous jyotirling among all the 12. Mahakaleshwar temple is considered to be one of the most holiest temple located near the Rudra sagar Jhil (lake).
Harsiddhi Temple is one of the most famous shakti peeth among all the shakti peeths of our country. It is located in Ujjain near Shipra River. The idol of Mata Harshiddhi is wonderful and beautiful. It gives a Devotional emotion after the vision of God. In the temple there are 3 Goddess one on top of another.
The International Society of Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), popularly known as the Hare Krishna Movement, was founded in 1966 by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. ISKCON is a worldwide association of devotees of Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead; its members.
Mangal Nath Temple is one of the famous temples of Ujjain. According to the ancient records it is believed that it is place of birth of the planet Mars. Mangalnath Temple has a vital importance in terms of Jyotish as meridian passes through the city of Ujjain.
Ujjain is the city of miracles, every day a new miracle happens here. Kal Bhairava Temple is the temple of Lord Bhairava situated in Bhairavagarh of Ujjain and gives a sense of peace after visiting. It is 8 km away from the main city. Shiva in this temple of Ujjain dwells in his Bhairava format.
How to Reach
Via Indore – Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport (IDR) at Indore is the nearest airport to Ujjain, 55 km away. Indore is connected to major cities in India by air. It has direct air connectivity with New Delhi, Mumbai, Bhopal, Pune, Hyderabad, Nagpur, Raipur and Ahmedabad. Taxi services are available to reach Ujjain from Indore airport.
Via Bhopal – Raja Bhoj Airport (BHO) at Bhopal is 172 km away from Ujjain. Bhopal has daily flights to and from New Delhi and Mumbai.
Ujjain railway station is a major junction of Western railway zone. It has many long distance and direct trains to almost all parts of India. You can board direct trains to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Jammu, Jodhpur, Jaipur Udaipur, Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Ratlam, Rajkot, Ahmedabad, Baroda, Pune, Gwalior, Bilaspur, Patna, Nagpur, Cochin, Hyderabad, Bangalore. Dehradun etc. During the period of Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv, trains coming to Ujjain will be halted at flag stations that are of little distance of 10-12 kilometers. Railway will provide buses to reach Ujjain and Mela area. Necessary arrangements will be made for the comfort of passengers at the flag stations. You can book rail ticket through website www.irctc.co.in.
Buses: Ujjain is well connected by road. Regular bus services are available from Indore (55 km), Gwalior (450 km), Ahmedabad (400 km) and Bhopal (183 km) to Ujjain. Air-conditioned buses are also available in these routes. Ujjain has two bus stands; one is near railway station for Agar, Kota and Nagda routes and at Nanakheda area to Indore and Maxi routes. You can book bus tickets from online travel portals and online and off-line travel agents.