Probably, Raksha Bandhan appeared from this belief. Now it has come to be a sitter’s day, sybolizing the love that binds them to their bothers. Once a girl ties a “Rakhi”, as the sacred thread is called, in any man’s wrist, he becomes closer to the girl then other blood relations. During this season, all stops found stacked with colorful andglittering wristlets of all hues and colors and to fit every pocket, with values from a rupee to a few thousand rupees. On the day, the girls and boys dress in the their best and girls take the rakhi to their brothers and daub his forehead with vermilion and saffron and then tie the rakhi. They also give sweetmeats to their brothers. The boy in return gives some money to his sister as a mark of affection. When a girl ties a rakhi on her brother’s wrist, she makes fervent wishes for her prosperity, happiness and success in all he undertakes. In return, the guy renews his pledge to guard her honor and self-respect. In some places Raksha Bandhan is also called Rakhi, Rakhri and saluno.
Ganesh Chathurthi:- On this day, a beautiful idol of Lord Ganesh is made of clay or some metals like silver and it displaced in a high pedestal. Then the idol is anointed with saffron paste and sandalwood and offerings are given to it. They include tulsi leaves, white lily flowers, durba grass twigs, red sandalwood, red vermilion powder, panchamrita (a mixture of milk, honey, curd, sugar and water), etc. Then the devotees move ceremoniously around the lord seven times and lie down on the ground face down to salute him. then Loddoos are given as prasadam to the lord and later distributed to the devotees. After the ritual worship, the idol of the Lord is immersed in nearby waters like a tank, river or sea. On this pious day viewing of the moon is strictly prohibited. On the Ganesh chathurthi day, all women who are desirous of the welfare of their husbands and sons compulsorily worship him. This is a special function day and the grandest festival of the state of Maharastra. Almost each locality of every town has its own image of Ganesh, specially made for this occasion. Though there are many places where the idols are made, the images made from a village called “Pen” are rated higher in Maharastra.
The size of the Ganpathi idols varies from a few inches height to over a hundred feet. How long the idol is kept at home depends on family tradition. It may be thirty-six hours in some houses and it may go unto five, six or seven days till Anant Chaturdashi. Children decorate the idol with colorful strings and papers and Arthi is performed daily. It is customary to make offerings of twenty-one blades of grass, Kewra, a lotus flower and twenty-one modaks as “Prasadam. The local community Ganesh images appear bigger in size and it is depicted in a variety of activities. New forms are invented to depict the current theme and fashion. It was Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak who made the ritual worship of Ganesh in Maharastra almost a national festival. The festival is fondly called “Ganesh-Utsav”.
Janmashthami:- On the eighth day of the black half of bhadra (August-September) was born shri Krishna, the eight avatar or incarnation of Vishnu. Therefore this day is known as Janmashtami or Krishna Janmashtami. This auspicious day of the birth of Krishna, the direct manifestation of Lord Vishnu Himself is celebrated with great eclat and enthusiasm all over the country.
Sri Krishna was born as the eighth son in a prison cell to Devaki and Vasudeva. Fearing for the life of his son, Vasudeva flew to Gokula and exchanged him for a baby girl born to Nanda and Yashoda there. The janmashtami celebrated start form the early morning bath in the sacred waters with prayers. The climax is the midnight with the rising moon, which marks the divine birth of Lord Krishna. On this day the devotees observe strict fast until midnight. Temples and homes are decorated with scenes of Krishna’s Birth and his childhood pranks. At night after the birth, the child image of Krishna is given a bath in Charnamritra. In Braja Mandala, especially in gokula and Mathura, this festival is celebrated with greatest foror and enthusiasm. people from all over the country congregate at Mathura and Vrindavana for this special occasion. The fast observed on this day ensures the birth of many good sons and salvation after death. The Bhagavad Gita and the Geet Govindam are read on this day to houses and in the temples.
Onam:- Onam is a festival of flowers, a spring festival. It falls on Shravan day in the month Shravan or bhadon(August-September). During this period the harvest are over and the farmers will be in a festive mood with their granaries full. Onam has a legend attached to it. In ancient times, and Asura king Mahabali ruled Kerala. He extended his rules to the heavens and the nether world. So, the King of gods, Indra hatched a plot to oust him. Disguies as a Brahmin Boy, Vamana, he asked Mahabali to give him as much land he could in three steps. As the King agreed, Vamana grew in size till he was big as the Universe. He took tow steps and covered the earth and the heavens in the two steps and asked for the King’s head for his third step. Then vamana pushed Mahabali into the far below nether Land . But before that, the king sought Vishnu’s permission for visiting the earth once in a year, and it was granted.
The celebration of Onam is tribute to Mahabali’s sacrifice. In memory of the ahpy days of Mahabali’s rule, a grateful Kerala celebrates his annual homecoming with all pomp and grandeur. Onam celebrations last for ten days, beginning with a colorful reception to King Mahabali. Earthen mounds, which like square pyramids, representing Mahabali and Vishnu are placed in dung-plastered courtyards and decorated with beautiful flowers. After the traditional prayers, the people of the house are given new clothes. A lavish feast as to what one’s purse can afford follows this.
Certain dances like Kailkottikali take place. The most exciting of all is the Aranmula Boat race. Men, women and children come from far and near to watch these snake-shaped boat races. Interestingly during Onam, not only King Mahabali but also Vishnu is also worshipped. The celebration of Onam became very popular after the establishment of a temple dedicated to Vamana at Thrikakara nears Cochin. The temple was built in the 8th century. Hindus, Muslims and Christians Of Kerala symbolizing the hopes and aspirations of all of the Keralites now celebrated Onam.