Culture plays an important role in the development of any nation. It represents a set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices. Culture and creativity manifest themselves in almost all economic, social and other activities. A country as diverse as India is symbolized by the plurality of its culture.
India has one of the world’s largest collections of songs, music, dance, theatre, folk traditions, performing arts, rites and rituals, paintings and writings that are know as the “Intangible Cultural Heritage” of humanity.
The arts scene in India is markedly dynamic. It is uniquely splendorous in architectural and sculptural traditions and also retains its Indian ness in paintings despite Western influences. In India, the geography and climate contribute a lot to the form and substance of arts.
The Vedas, the sacred book of the Aryans in Sanskrit is the fundamental link to the Indian thoughts and arts. After the Indus valley civiliztion there was no continuity in the art section until the age of the Mauryans when the Buddhist art form was born. Historically the first movement in art in India started with the Mauryan dynasty during 322-183 B.C. Then followed the Sunga and the Kushan periods when artistic activities were widespread and the important art centers were the Gandhara region and the Mathura region and the lower Godavari Basin in Andhra Pradesh.
Indian subcontinent has always been the reservoir of talent, be it in the field of art, science, literature, or any other field. However, special emphasis should be given to the famous Indian art and its various forms. The art work of this country, be it paintings or sculptures or even traditional arts like Rangoli, has always gathered appreciation from people residing in almost all the parts of the world. In this section, we will acquaint you with popular Indian art works.
Indian subcontinent is famous for being the home country of a large number of exceptionally brilliant artists, including painters, writers, singers, etc. The art of painting in India dates back to the ancient times, as is evident from the cave paintings of Ajanta and Ellora. Many painters of India have received global recognition also and their paintings have fetched millions of dollars in international auctions.
The tradition of painting has been carried on in the Indian subcontinent since the ancient times. Standing as a testimony to this fact are the exquisite murals of Ajanta and Ellora, Buddhist palam leaf manuscripts, Mugal and Kangra schools of miniature Indian paintings, etc. Infact, records have been found that indicate the usage of paintings for decorating the doorways, guest rooms, etc.
Rangoli, one of the most beautiful and most pleasing art forms of India, is comprised of two words, ‘rang’ meaning ‘color
‘ and aavalli
meaning colored creeper or row of color’. Rangoli
basically comprises of art of making designs or patterns on the walls or the floor of the house, using finely ground white powder along with different colors. Numerous households in the Indian subcontinent make use of Rangoli designs for decorating the courtyard of their house.
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