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Shakti Peeth Temples

The Shakti Peethas (holy places of cosmic and enormous power) are places of worship of Goddess. Goddess Sati is the incarnation of Maa Parvati, the kindly goddess of harmony, marital felicity and longevity, with Durga, goddess of strength and valour, and with Mahakali, goddess of destruction of the evil.
According to Hindu Mythology and Legend, in the SatYuga, Daksha performed a yajna (Yagya) with a desire to take revenge on Lord Shiva. Daksha was angry because his daughter Dakshayani also known as Sati had married the 'yogi' God Shiva against his wish. Daksha invited all the deities to the yagna except for Shiva and Sati. The fact that she was not invited did not deter Sati from attending the yagna. She had expressed her desire to attend to Shiva who had tried his best to dissuade her from going. Shiva eventually allowed her to go escorted by his followers.
But Sati, being an uninvited guest, was not given any respect. Furthermore, Daksha insulted Shiva. Sati was unable to bear her father's insults toward her husband, so Dakshayani (the other name of Sati meaning the daughter of Daksha) invoked her yogic powers and immolated herself.
Enraged at the insult and the injury, Shiva destroyed Daksha's sacrifice, cut off Daksha's head, and later replaced it with that of a male goat as he restored him to life due to prayers of all demi gods and Brahmaji. Still immersed in grief, he picked up the remains of Sati's body, and danced the dance of destruction through the Universe. The other gods intervened to stop this dance, and the Vishnu 's weapon, or Sudarshana Chakra, cut through the corpse of Sati. The various parts of the body fell at several spots all through the Indian subcontinent and formed sites which are known as Shakti Peethas today.
History
The Shakti Peeth legend goes back to one of the most ancient times of the mankind according to the Hindu mythology. It was in the times when the mankind was at the verge of getting civilized. After the creation of this world Lord Brahma gave the responsibility of civilizing the mankind to his son called Prajapati Daksha, or to say King Daksha. With time Daksha started allocating the responsibilities to different segments of the society and started organising them. However with this big responsibility along came Arogance and ego(Abhimaan) in him of being the Karta of everything. He was a believer of Lord Vishnu however never believed in the third trinity, i.e. Lord Shiva, the destroyer of life. He was a rival of Lord Shiva and his thoughts and did not allow any respectable position for him or his thoughts in this organised society. On the other side, Lord Shiva even after being a part of the trinity never interfered in this works until there was an injustice or to be precise when there was a discrimination being done on the basis of religion.
King Daksha had several daughter and the youngest was Devi Sati, his most loved too. At the time of youth, she fell in love with Lord Shiva. Devi Sati is said to be the incarnation of the Aadishakti, a part of lord Shiva and took birth to join him for the benefits of the mankind. Daksha, despite a rival of Lord Shiva agreed to the marriage of Devi Sati with Lord Shiva however still remained his rival and gave him a position in his society. Despite the convincing of Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma he never left off his rivalry with him.
Sati departed with Lord Shiva to Kailash, the home place of Lord Shiva after their marriage and started staying together. Once Daksha organised a big ritual/ Yagya and invited all the Devtas and Rishi Munis(Sages). However he did not invited his newly wedded daughter Devi Sati and Lord Shiva. On this Devi Sati insisted Lord Shiva to be a part of that Yagya to which Shiva said did not agree however could not stop Sati also to visit her father after her hard persuasion.

The unfortunate day came when Mata Sati went to the Yagya place, saw everyone being invited by her father than her husband. She felt insulted and when she asked an explanation from King Daksha he said un-anticipated insulting words for Lord Shiva further and added an unbearable pain to Mata Sati, the Aadishakti Jagad Janani. Listening those words against her love and husband, She decided to end her life then and there. Apologised to Lord Shiva in her heart and jumped into the Jagya Hawan Fire and burnt her self. 
After getting this information, Lord Shiva could not take the pain as well and took the Rudra Roop(the form of a devastator). It was understood that the end of King Daksha had come now. Shiva sent Veer Bhadra to the yagya place before himself who killed Daksha after beheading him. 
Following the bloodbath at the yagya place called Kanghal, Lord Shiva came to get Mata Sati. He picked up Her burnt corpse over his shoulders in great vain. However just before leaving, upon the apology and request of all Devtas and Munis granted a life to Daksha with a head of a goat on the Human Torso. Getting to life, Daksha felt the guilt and apologised too. Lord Shiva left the place with Mata Sati's body over his shoulders.
The following days where of immense pain and trauma for Lord Shiva and he started wandering in the Himalayas with Mata Sati's Corpse. The equilibrium/ balance of the nature started spoiling as Lord Shiva started doing the devastating Tandva (dance of destruction). To this all the Devtas requested Lord Vishnu to intervene and save the mankind and Lord Shiva out of that pain and pacify him. Lord Vishnu then went to the skies on his Garuda and with his Sudarshan Chakra cut the corpse of Devi Sati in various parts. It is said that the Sudarshan Chakra cut Devi Sati's Corpse into 52 parts and they fell at different-different places on Earth. In certain books/ sources there were more parts that fell, however 52 were the main and out of which one could not be found. 
After the same, Lord Shiva stopped the Tandava and cooled down however could not cover his vain. With time, he went to all the places where the different parts of Mata Sati had fallen and worshipped and did sthapana(established) the Pindi at that place and and deputed one-one form of himself in the form of Bhairav close to every Pindi it for this security. All these places where Maa Sati's (Aadi Shakti's) parts had fallen are forms of Shakti (Power) and are hence called Shakti Peethas or Shaktipeeth in this world.
No:
Place:
Part of the body:
Bhirava:
Shakti:
1.
2.
Sharkarara
(Maha rashtra)
Trinetra
Krodheesha
Mahisha mardini
3.
Sugandha
(Bangla desh)
Nasika
Triambaka
Sunanda
4.
Kashmira
(Jammu&Kashmir)
Kantha desha
Tri sandhyeshwara
Maha maya
5.
Jwala mukhi
(Himachal pradesh)
Jihwa
Unmatta/
Vatukeshwara
Siddhida/
Ambica
6.
Jalandhara
(Punjab)
Vama stana
Bhishana
Tripura malini/
Tripura nashini
7.
Vidya natha
(Bihar)
Hridaya
Vidya natha
Jaya durga
8.
Nepala
(Nepal)
Janu dwaya
Kapali
Maha maya
9.
Manasa
(Tibet)
Dakshina hasta
Amara/
Hara
Dakshaini
10.
Utkala/
Viraja
(Orissa)
Nabhi
Jagannatha
Vimala/
Vijaya
11.
Gandaki
(Nepal)
Dakshina ganda
Chakra pani
Gandaki chandi
12.
Bahula
(West bebgal)
Vama bahu
Bhiruka/
Tivraka
Bahula
13.
Ujjaini
(Madhya pradesh)
Kurpara
Kapilambara
Mangala chandi
14.
Chattala
(Bangla desh)
Dakshina bahu
Chandra sekhara
Bhavani
15.
Tripura
(Tripura)
Dakshina pada
Tripuresha
Tripura
16.
Trisrota
(West bengal)
Vama pada
Ambara/
Eshwara
Bhramari
17.
18.
Yugadya/
Ksheera grama
(West bengal)
Dakshina
padangushta
Ksheera kantaka
Bhoota dhatri
19.
Kali peetha
(West bengal)
Dakshina padanguli
Nakuleesha
Kali
20.
Prayaga
(Uttar pradesh)
Hastanguli
Bhava
Lalitha
21.
Jayanti
(Bangladesh)
Vama jangha
Kramadeeshwara
Jayanti
22.
Kireeta/
Kireeta kona
(West bengal)
Kireeta
Samvarta/
Siddha rupa
Vimala/
Bhuvaneshi
23.
Manikarnika/
Varanasi
(Uttar pradesh)
Karna kundala
Kala bhirava
Vishalakshi
24.
Kanyashrama
(Bangladesh)
Prishta
Nimisha
Sharvani
25.
Kurukshetra
(Haryana)
Dakshina gulpha
Sthanu
Savitri
26.
Manivedika
(Rajasthan)
Mani bandha
Sarvananda/
Sharvananda
Gayatri
27.
Srisaila/
Sri hatta
(Andhra pradesh)
Greeva
Samvarananda/
Shambarananda
Maha lakshmi
28.
Kanchi
(Tamil nadu)
Kankala
Ruru
Deva garbha/
Veda garbha
29.
Kala madhava
(Assam)
Vama nitamba
Asitanga
Kali
30.
Shona
(Madhya pradesh)
Dakshina nitamba
Bhadra sena
Narmada
31.
Rama giri/
Raja giri
(Uttar pradesh)
Dakshina stana
Chanda
Shivani
32.
Brindavana
(Uttar pradesh)
Kesha jala
Bhootesha/
Krishna natha
Uma/
Katyaini
33.
Shuchi/
Anala
(Tamil nadu)
Oordhwa danta pankti
Samhara/
Samkrura
Narayani
34.
Pancha sagara
(Maharashtra)
Adho danta pankti
Maha rudra
Varahi
35.
Kara toya tata
(Bangladesh)
Vama talpa
Vamana
Aparna
36.
Sri parvata
(Andhra pradesh)
Dakshina talpa
Sundarananda
Sundari
37.
Vibhasa
(West bengal)
Vama gulpha
Sarvananda
Kapali/
Bhima rupa
38.
Prabhasa
(Gujarat)
Udara
Vakra tunda
Chandra bhaga
39.
Bhirava parvata
(Madhya pradesh)
Oordhvoshta
Lamba karna
Avanti
40.
Jana sthana
(Maharashtra)
Chibuka
Vikritaksha
Bhramari
41.
Godavari teetra
(Andhra pradesh)
Vama ganda
Danda pani/
Vatsa nabha
Vishwa matrika/
Rakini
42.
Ratnavali
(West bengal)
Dakshina skandha
Shiva
Kumari
43.
Mithila
(Nepal)
Vama skandha
Mahodara
Uma devi/
Maha devi
44.
Nalahati
(West bengal)
Nala
Yogeeshwara
Kali
45.
Karnata
(Karnataka)
Karna
Abhiru
Jaya durga
46.
Vakreshwara
(West bengal)
Manas
Vakra natha
Mahisha mardini
47.
Yashora
(Bangla desh)
Vama hasta
Chanda
Yashoreshwari
48.
Attahasa
(West bengal)
Adharoshta
Vishweshwara
Pullara
49.
Nandi pura
(West bengal)
Kantha hara
Nandikeshwara
Nandini
50.
Lanka
(Sri lanka)
Nupura
Rakshaseshwara
Indrakshi
51.
Virata
(Rajasthan)
Vama padanguli
Amrita
Ambika
52.
Hingula
(Pakistan)
Brahma randhra
Bhima lochana
Kottari

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