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States and Union territories of India

India is a federal union of states comprising twenty nine states and seven union territories. The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and further into smaller administrative divisions.

List of States and territories:- 

1.  Andhra Pradesh (AP):-  
Date of Formation:- 1 November 1956
Area:- 160205kmsq
Population:- 49506799
official language:- Telugu
Administrative Capital:- Hyderabad
Largest city:- Visakhapatnam
Population density:- 308
Literacy Rate:- 67.41 %
Total population that is urban:- 29.6 %

Date of Formation:- 20 February 1987
Area:- 83743km sq
Population:- 1382611
official language:- English
Administrative Capital:- Itanagar
Population density:- 17
Literacy Rate:- 66.95 %
Total population that is urban:- 20.8 %

Date of Formation:- 15 August 1947
Area:- 78550 kmsq
Population:- 31169272
official language:- Assames
Administrative Capital:- Dispur
Largest city:- Guwahati
Population density:- 397
Literacy Rate:- 73.18 %
Total population that is urban:- 12.9 % 

4. Bihar:-
Date of Formation:- 1 April 1936
Area:- 99200kmsq
Population:- 103804637
official language:- Hindi, Bhojpuri, Magadhi, maithili, urdu
Administrative Capital:- Patna
Largest city:- Patna
Population density:- 1102
Literacy Rate:- 63.82 %
Total population that is urban:- 10.5 %

5. Chhattishgarh:-
Date of Formation:- 1 November 2000
Area:- 135194kmsq
Population:- 25540196
official language:- Hindi, Chattisgarhi
Administrative Capital:- Raipur
Largest city:- Raipur
Population density:- 189
Literacy Rate:- 71.04 %
Total population that is urban:- 20.1 %

6. Goa:- 
Date of Formation:- 30 May 1987
Area:- 3702kmsq
Population:- 1457723
official language:- Konkani
Administrative Capital:- Panaji
Largest city:- Panaji
Population density:- 394
Literacy Rate:- 87.40 %
Total population that is urban:- 62.2 %

7. Gujarat:-
Date of Formation:- 1 May 1960
Area:- 196024kmsq
Population:- 60383628
official language:- Gujarati
Administrative Capital:- Gandhinagar
Largest city:- Ahmedabad
Population density:- 308
Literacy Rate:- 79.31 %
Total population that is urban:- 37.4 %

8. Haryana:-
Date of Formation:- 1 November 1966
Area:- 44212 kmsq
Population:- 25353081
official language:- Hindi, Haryanvi
Administrative Capital:- Chandigarh
Largest city:- Faridabad
Population density:- 573
Literacy Rate:- 76.64 %
Total population that is urban:- 28.9 %

9. Himachal Pradesh:-
Date of Formation:- 25 January 1971
Area:- 55673 kmsq
Population:- 6856509
official language:- Hindi, Pahari
Administrative Capital:- Shimla
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 123
Literacy Rate:- 83.78 %
Total population that is urban:- 9.8 %

10. Jammu and Kashmir :- 
Date of Formation:- 26 October 1947
Area:- 222236 kmsq
Population:- 12548926
official language:- Dogri, Kashmiri, Ladakhi, Urdu
Administrative Capital:- Srinagar(Summer) & Jammu (Winter)
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 124
Literacy Rate:- 68.74 %
Total population that is urban:- 24.8 %

11. Jharkhand:- 
Date of Formation:- 15 November 2000
Area:- 74677 kmsq
Population:- 32966238
official language:- Hindi
Administrative Capital:- Ranchi
Largest city:- Jamshedpur
Population density:- 414
Literacy Rate:- 67.63 %
Total population that is urban:- 22.2 %

12. Karnataka:- 
Date of Formation:- 1 November 1956
Area:- 191791 kmsq
Population:- 61130704
official language:- Kannada
Administrative Capital:- Bangalore
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 319
Literacy Rate:- 75.60 %
Total population that is urban:- 34.0 %

13. Kerala:- 
Date of Formation:- 1 November 1956
Area:- 38863 kmsq
Population:- 33387677
official language:- Malayalam
Administrative Capital:- Thiruvananthapuram
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 859
Literacy Rate:- 93.91 %
Total population that is urban:- 26.0 %

14. Madhya Pradesh:- 
Date of Formation:- 1 November 1956
Area:- 308252 km sq
Population:- 72597565
official language:- Hindi
Administrative Capital:- Bhopal
Largest city:- Indore
Population density:- 236
Literacy Rate:- 70.63 %
Total population that is urban:- 26.5 %

15. Maharashtra:- 
Date of Formation:- 1 May 1960
Area:- 307713 kmsq
Population:- 112372972
official language:- Marathi
Administrative Capital:- Mumbai
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 365
Literacy Rate:- 82.91 %
Total population that is urban:- 42.4 %

16.  Manipur:- 
Date of Formation:- 21 January 1972
Area:- 22347 kmsq
Population:- 2721756
official language:- Manipuri
Administrative Capital:- Imphal
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 122
Literacy Rate:- 79.85 %
Total population that is urban:- 25.1 %

17. Meghalaya:- 
Date of Formation:- 21 January 1972
Area:- 22720 kmsq
Population:- 2964007
official language:- English, Garo, Hindi, Khasi, Pnar
Administrative Capital:- Shillong
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 132
Literacy Rate:- 75.48 %
Total population that is urban:- 19.6 %

18. Mizoram:-
Date of Formation:- 20 February 1987
Area:- 21081 kmsq
Population:- 1091014
official language:- Mizo
Administrative Capital:- Aizawl
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 52
Literacy Rate:- 91.58 %
Total population that is urban:- 49.6 %

19. Nagaland
Date of Formation:- 1 December 1963
Area:- 16579 kmsq
Population:- 1980602
official language:- English
Administrative Capital:- Kohima
Largest city:- Dimapur
Population density:- 119
Literacy Rate:- 80.11 %
Total population that is urban:- 17.2 %

20. Odisha:- 
Date of Formation:- 1 April 1936
Area:- 155820 kmsq
Population:- 41947358
official language:- Oriya
Administrative Capital:- Bhubaneswar
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 269
Literacy Rate:- 73.45 %
Total population that is urban:- 15.0 %

21. Punjab:- 
Date of Formation:- 15 August 1947
Area:- 50362 kmsq
Population:- 27704236
official language:- Punjabi
Administrative Capital:- Chandigarh
Largest city:- Ludhiana
Population density:- 550
Literacy Rate:- 76.68 %
Total population that is urban:- 33.9 %

22. Rajasthan:- 
Date of Formation:- 1 November 1956
Area:- 342269 kmsq
Population:- 68621012
official language:- Hindi, Rajasthani
Administrative Capital:- Jaipur
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 201
Literacy Rate:- 67.06 %
Total population that is urban:- 23.4 %

23. Sikkim:-
Date of Formation:- 16 May 1975
Area:- 7096 kmsq
Population:- 607688
official language:- Nepali, Bhutia, Gurung, Lepcha, Limbu, Manggar, Newari, Sherpa, Sunwar
Administrative Capital:- Gangtok
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 86
Literacy Rate:- 82.20 %
Total population that is urban:- 11.1 %

24. Tamil Nadu:- 
Date of Formation:- 26 January 1950
Area:- 130058 kmsq
Population:- 72138958
official language:- Tamil
Administrative Capital:- Chennai
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 480
Literacy Rate:- 80.33 %
Total population that is urban:- 44.0 %

25. Telangana:- 
Date of Formation:- 2 June 2014
Area:- 114840 kmsq
Population:- 35193978
official language:- Telugu, Urdu
Administrative Capital:- Hyderabad
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 307
Literacy Rate:- 66.50 %
Total population that is urban:-  %

26. Tripura:- 
Date of Formation:- 21 January 1972
Area:- 10492 kmsq
Population:- 3671032
official language:- Bengali, Tripuri
Administrative Capital:- Agartala
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 350
Literacy Rate:- 87.75 %
Total population that is urban:- 17.1  %

27. Uttar Pradesh:- 
Date of Formation:- 26 January 1950
Area:- 243.286 kmsq
Population:- 199581477
official language:- Hindi, Urdu
Administrative Capital:- Lucknow
Largest city:- Kanpur
Population density:- 828
Literacy Rate:- 69.72 %
Total population that is urban:- 20.8 %

28. Uttarakhand:- 
Date of Formation:- 9 November 2000
Area:- 53566 kmsq
Population:- 10116752
official language:- Hindi, Sanskirt
Administrative Capital:- Dehradun
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 189
Literacy Rate:- 79.63 %
Total population that is urban:-  25.7 %

29. West Bengal:- 
Date of Formation:- 1 November 1956
Area:- 88752 kmsq
Population:- 91347736
official language:- Bengali, English, Nepali
Administrative Capital:- Kolkata
Largest city:- 
Population density:- 1029
Literacy Rate:- 77.08 %
Total population that is urban:-  28.0 %

Union Territories:- 

A. Andaman and Nicobar Islands:- 
Population:- 379944
Official Language:- English, Hindi
Capital:- Port blair
Population Density:- 46
Literacy Rate:- 86.27 %
Urban Population to total Pupulation:- 32.6 %

B. Chandigarh:- 
Population:- 1054686
Official Language:- English, Hindi, Punjabi
Capital:- Chandigarh
Population Density:- 9252
Literacy Rate:- 86.43 %
Urban Population to total Pupulation:- 89.8 %

C. Dadra and Nagar Haveli:- 
Population:- 342853
Official Language:- English, Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi
Capital:- Silvassa
Population Density:- 698
Literacy Rate:- 77.65 %
Urban Population to total Pupulation:- 22.9 %

D. Daman and Diu:- 
Population:- 242911
Official Language:- English, Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi
Capital:- Daman
Population Density:- 2169
Literacy Rate:- 87.07 %
Urban Population to total Pupulation:- 36.2 %

E. Lakshadweep:- 
Population:- 64429
Official Language:- English, Malayalam
Capital:- Kavaratti
Population Density:- 2013
Literacy Rate:- 92.28 %
Urban Population to total Pupulation:- 44.5 %

F. Delhi:- 
Population:- 11007835
Official Language:- English, Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu
Capital:- New Delhi
Population Density:- 11297
Literacy Rate:- 86.34 %
Urban Population to total Pupulation:- 93.2%

G. Puducherry:- 
Population:- 1244464
Official Language:- French, Tamil
Capital:- Pondicherry
Population Density:- 2598
Literacy Rate:- 86.55%
Urban Population to total Pupulation:- 66.6 %

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