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Gateway Arch National Park

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The Gateway Arch is a 630-foot (192 m) monument in St. Louis' role in the Westward Expansion of the United States during the nineteenth century. The park is a memorial to Thomas Jefferson's role in opening the West, to the pioneers who helped shape its history, and to Dred Scott who sued for his freedom in the Old Courthouse. It is the world's tallest man-made monument. 
The Arch was designed by Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen in 1947 and construct began on February 12, 1963, and was completed on October 28, 1965. The Gateway Arch opened to the public on June 10, 1967. 
The arch is 630 feet (192 metres) tall, and the distance between its two legs is equal to its height. Inside are two trams, each of which consists of eight cars that each carry up to five seated people at a time. Visitors can take a four-minute tram ride to the viewing platform at the top of the arch. Sixteen windows face east, and the same number face west for views of the city, river, and surrounding land. At the base of the arch, the Museum of Westward Expansion features displays showing what life was like in the 1800s, as well as exhibits on the construction of the arch.
The Gateway Arch is a part of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. It was named for U.S. Pres. Thomas Jefferson, who was responsible for buying a large area of what became the western United States in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. To explore that land, the Lewis and Clark Expedition set out from St. Louis in 1804. In addition to the Gateway Arch and its museum, the memorial site includes the Old Courthouse, where the first two trials that led to the Dred Scott decision were held.

Physical characteristics

The windows of the observation deck are located around the apex of the arch. Both the width and height of the arch are 630 feet (192 m). The arch is the tallest memorial in the United States and the tallest stainless steel monument in the world. The cross-sections of the arch's legs are equilateral triangles, narrowing from 54 feet (16 m) per side at the bases to 17 feet (5.2 m) per side at the top. Each wall consists of a stainless steel skin covering a sandwich of two carbon-steel walls with reinforced concrete in the middle from ground level to 300 feet (91 m), with carbon steel to the peak. The arch is hollow to accommodate a unique tram system that takes visitors to an observation deck at the top. The structural load is supported by a stressed-skin design. Each leg is embedded in 25,980 short tons (23,570 t) of concrete 44 feet (13 m) thick and 60 feet (18 m) deep. Twenty feet (6.1 m) of the foundation is in bedrock. The arch is resistant to earthquakes and is designed to sway up to 18 inches (46 cm) in either direction, while withstanding winds up to 150 miles per hour (240 km/h). The structure weighs 42,878 short tons (38,898 t), of which concrete composes 25,980 short tons (23,570 t); structural steel interior, 2,157 short tons (1,957 t); and the stainless steel panels that cover the exterior of the arch, 886 short tons (804 t). This amount of stainless steel is the most used in any one project in history. The base of each leg at ground level had to have an engineering tolerance of 1⁄64 inch (0.40 mm) or the two legs would not meet at the top.

World Heritage Site - Elephanta Caves

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Elephanta anciently known as Gharapuri, the island capital of Konkan Mauryas, is celebrated for its colossal image of Mahesamurti with three heads each representing a different form. The Elephanta Caves serve as a great tourist attraction in the vicinity of the large Mumbai metropolis. The Elephanta island is located 10 km away from the Gateway of India at Mumbai in Maharashtra. The cave temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, was excavated sometime in the 8th century by the Rashtrakuta kings, who ruled the area between A.D. 757-973.
The Elephanta caves is a conglomeration of seven caves, out of which the most important is the Mahesa-murti cave. The main body of the cave, excluding the porticos on the three open sides and the back isle, is 27 metres square and is supported by rows of six columns each. The gigantic figures of 'dvarapalas' or doorkeepers are very impressive.

World Heritage Site - Fatehpur Sikri

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Fatehpur Sikri is one of the many UNESCO-recognized World Heritage Sites located in and around Agra that date back to the Mughal era of dominance, which stretched from the sixteenth into the seventeenth century.
The state of Uttar Pradesh in India boasts of a city as well as a municipal board in the district of Agra. It is also popularly known as Fatehpur Sikri. Akbar, the renowned Mughal emperor founded the city in 1569. The city was the capital of the Mughal Empire between the years of 1571 till 1585. Akbar was a devotee of Salim Chisti. To honor the Sufi saint he wanted to shift the capital to Fatehpur Sikri from Agra. It is located at a distance of 23 miles i.e. 37 km from Agra. After reaching Fatehpur Sikri he began the building of a city walled from all sides. The city would include harems, courts, palaces, mosques and various other buildings of use. The city was coined Fatehpur. It derives its name from the word Fateh, which is an Arabic word; in Persian it means ‘victory’. It later came to be known as ‘Fatehpur Sikri’. Fatehpur Sikri is the place where Akbar’s Navaratnas were born. Fatehpur Sikri undoubtedly the best display of the architecture of Mughals in India.

World Heritage Site :- Sundarbans National Park

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Sunderbans is the largest estuarine forests in West Bengal that are covered throughout by mangrove forests. They are constituted by the crisscrossing of 54 small islands along with numerous River Ganges tributaries. Tourists come here not only to enjoy gorgeous sceneries but also to enjoy the wildlife constituted by 55 species of reptiles, 250 species of birds and 58 species of mammals. The only way to traverse the park is by availing a boat. Jeep safaris are not allowed here. No one is even allowed to get down on the river bank.

Shaniwarwada a Great Heritage Palace in Pune

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Shaniwar wada is one of the historical fort in the Pune. It is situated near the Mula-Mutha River in KasbaPeth. The construction of the fort was started in 1730, by the rulers of Maratha empire, Peshwas. It was the seat of them. Peshwas were the rulers of Maratha Empire, until, they surrender themselves to British that is till 1818. It was named Shaniwar Wada from the Marathi words, Shanivar means Saturday and Wada is a general huge residence complex. It was completely built by Teak and Stone. All the teak and stones were brought from the jungles of junnar(village in pune) and the nearby quarries of chinchwad, which is a town in Pune. The construction was completed in 1732. Later on,Peshwas made several additions including the fortification walls with bastions and gates court halls and other buildings, fountains and reservoirs. Currently,fortification wall has five gateways and nine bastion towers, enclosing a garden complex with the foundations of the original buildings.
It is said that full moon nights are very much haunted in Shaniwarwada. There is a story behind this, according to an old story this fort is haunted by a prince.He was assassinated brutally, when he was 13 by the order of one of his relative. His assassins chased him all across the fort, the boy started yelling again and again, “Kaka, mala vachva!”(Marathi Waord means – Uncle, save me!) and even today locals say that they hear his cries for help at midnight on every new moon day. The fort was largely destroyed itself in fire in 1828, but, the survived structure are now maintained as a tourist site.

Beautiful Beaches in Gujarat

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Gujarat is known for having a rich base of natural resources, whether they are various beaches or forests located at different locations , not to mention the famous Gir forest, famous for the Asiatic Lions. During the holiday season, people in Gujarat head towards one of the known beaches of Gujarat or visit a nearby forest location.
There are many beaches in Gujarat like the Diu Beach, the tithal beach, the Mandvi Beach, The Dwarka Beach, The chorwad beach, The somnath beach and other beaches.

The Diu Beach
Nagoa Beach
The Diu beach is where people of Gujarat head to, during summer times. Diu is located close to Junagadh with 120 km distance and about 370 km from Ahmadabad. Diu is an island famous for its many beaches. Diu is an union territory of India. The town or the island of Diu is also known as a fishing town. The Diu island is at sea level and covers distance area of about 38.8 sq. km. The coastline of Diu is estimated to be only about 9 km.
There are many beaches of Diu like the Nagoa beach, the Goghala beach and the Jallandhar beach.
Travelers to Diu also visit an ancient Lord Shiva Temple, situated near the Gangeswar coast. Diu is famous for beaches like Nagoa beach which is a popular tourist spot for people in Gujarat as well as outside Gujarat. Many adventure sports like boating and parasailing are conducted here. It is interesting to note that Diu is the only place where alcohol is allowed and legal in Gujarat by the authorities.
The Diu beach is regularly thronged by people round the year for its beach facilities and the nearby resorts. Accommodation is available from budget hotel to a luxurious hotel for all types of guests. Seafood is easily available on DIU beach as well in nearby restaurants. The Nagoa beach is very busy during weekends with thousands of people visiting the place for swimming and activities. Photographers also visit the place to take photos of many types of birds that visit the islands.
The evening time presents a wonderful sunset location with many shopping items for travelers, that range from sea shore items to design handicrafts. The sea shell museum near the Diu beach is well known for its variety of sea shells in various sizes and types.

The Dwarka Beach
Dwarka Beach
The City of Dwarka is regarded as one of the important places of pilgrimage for worshippers of Lord Krishna. It is located in/near Jamnagar. Lord Krishna resided in the city of Dwarka in his times. The city is famous for the ‘Dwarkadhish’ temple as well as for its beach. The distance from Ahmedabad to Dwarka is approx 400 km on road, 220 km from Rajkot. Train can be taken to go to Dwarka.
Pilgrims who visit the city in the temple make it a point to visit the beach as well. It is a small island, that is famous among people for coral reefs and spotting dolphins in the sea along with the regular sea wildlife like the tortoises, fishes and the octopus. Scuba diving is also an important activity taken by enthusiasts on the beach.
The city of Dwarka is also situated near the Gomti River Bank and also near the Arabian sea. People visiting Dwarka and its beach can easily find accommodation nearby with quality food. Visitors visiting the Dwarka beach are always intrigued by the peaceful atmosphere of the city and the calm water of the beach. The Dwarka beach though famous and known, provides a silent and secluded atmosphere for anyone visiting the place. Hotels for all types of budget costs are located in Dwarka.
The beautiful temple of Lord Krishna near the beach gives a good photo shoot against the early morning sunrise and sunset.

The Mandvi Beach
Mandvi Beach
The Mandvi beach is situated in the city of Mandvi, and in the Kachchh district of Gujarat. The city of Mandvi is also famous for the shipbuilding industry near the Rukmavati river. The city is about 450 km from Ahmedabad and only about 55 km from Bhuj. The Mandvi city has also a private beach known as the deluxe camp. This beach is property of the exrulers of the city.
People in thousands visit the beach to enjoy the various amenities like massage, swimming, beach games, horse and camel rides and for a day picnic. Other activities like beach volleyball, nature walk by nature clubs and occasional boating is also undertaken by people. The beach is famous for its sea shells found nearby.
The Mandvi beach is also famous for water sports like para sailing, skiing and surfing for adults, not to mention the fishing activities.

The Gopnath beach
Gopnath beach
One of the other known places in Gujarat known for its beach location is the Gopnath Beach. The Gopnath beach is a beach near the Talaja village of Bhavnagar in Gujarat. The beach is located on the Gulf of Khambhat coast. The distance from Ahmedabad to Gopnath beach is approximately about 275 km and 72 km from Bhavnagar. Railroad can be taken to Bhavnagar if visitors want to travel by train.
People visiting the Gopnath beach make it a point to also visit nearby places like the Talaja Jain temple, The Gopnath temple and the Jhanjmer fort. The beach of Gopnath is famous among people for the beautiful sea coast and good view of the sea coast with a variety of birds and sea items. The beach is famous for the firm sand for morning and evening walks.
The Gopnath beach also has reportedly the world’s biggest ship breaking yard zone. People come on this beach to have a relaxed swimming experience in its shallow waters and a nice sunbath or a body massage. People visiting this place can get an easy accommodation based on their budget in a nice hotel or guest house. The King’s cottage or the Maharaja’s cottage can also be accessed for a luxurious stay.

The Veraval Beach
Veraval Beach
The Veraval Beach is located close to Junagadh in the saurasthra region of Gujarat. The beach is very close to Somnath. The approximate distance from Ahmedabad to Veraval is about close to 400 km and 75 km from Junagadh.
The beach is famous for its ancient ruins and old structures located near its banks. The beach is visited by people who love history as well as some adventure. Old ruins of the Patan gate and Junagadh gate lie nearby the beach. Because of the clean and pure air, it is a famous among people for early morning and late night jogging.
The Veraval beach is an ideal place for people who love swimming and fishing. Many varieties of fishes are found in the sea, as well as for trying out different sea cuisines. Many shopping camps are seen near the sea shore that sell various art pieces of Gujarat along with various handmade handicraft items made by local artists. The beach is visited by people from all over Gujarat in thousands round the year. It is worth to note that only a small portion of the beach is known among people while the majority of the beach is still unknown to most of the people.

To See Most Popular Krishna Temples in Gujarat Click here 

Mountain Railway of India – World Heritage Sites

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Indian Railways is one of the world’s largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km (71,000 mi) of track over a route of 65,436 km (40,660 mi) and 7,172 stations. In April 2015, Indian Railways has completed 162 years of connecting India.
Several UNESCO World Heritage Sites are part of the Indian Railways. UNESCO has recognized three hill railways in India as world heritage sites, grouping them as ‘Mountain Railways of India’. 

Mountain Railways of India: Site 1
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway